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7 Wonders Of The World

Over the centuries, human civilizations have built and built cities, buildings, monuments, tombs, temples, churches, mosques and other structures around the world, which create awe in millions of people. Taking the wonders of the world to only seven is a difficult task. Fortunately, the New 7 Wonders Foundation has reduced a list of 200 monuments worldwide and has started a list of “new” seven wonders of the world, including some of the world’s most famous places, such as Sydney Opera House. the statue of Liberty. 21 finalists were chosen from this list and the top seven were chosen by popular vote.

This is the list of new “7 wonders of the world”. For a list of other wonders of the world, please see the following:

1.Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is a tomb of tooth-white marble on the southern bank of Yamuna river in Agra, India. In 2007, it was declared the winner of the New 7 Wonders (2000-2007) initiative of the World.

In 1632, it was commissioned by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan (1628-1658) for the grave of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centre point of the 42-acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and on three sides is installed on the walls tied in formal gardens.

Construction of the tomb was essentially completed in 1643, but for the next 10 years, the work of the project continued in the next steps. It is believed that the Taj Mahal Complex was completed in 1653 at a cost of approximately 32 million rupees, which would be approximately $ 52.8 billion (the US $ 827 million) in 2015. The construction project uses about 20,000 under the guidance of a board. Craftsman under the leadership of a court architect for Emperor Ustad Ahmad Lahori.

Taj Mahal was named as “UNESCO World Heritage Site” in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally acclaimed creations of the world’s heritage”. Described as “throwing tears on the cheeks of time” by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, it is considered by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7 to 8 million viewers.

2. The Great Wall Of China

The Great Wall of China is made of stone, brick, tampered earth, wood and other materials, which generally save China’s kingdoms and empires from China’s historic northern borders, which are already present Made with the Western Line The raids and attacks of various nomadic groups of Eurasian Steppe were constructed in the form of 7th century BC; These later joined together and became big and strong, which is now collectively known as the Great Wall. Particularly 220-206 BC is the wall which was created by the first emperor of the famous China Qin Shi Huang. There was very little space in that wall. Since then, the Great Wall has been rebuilt, maintained and expanded; Most of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall of China includes border controls, which allow the implementation of duties on goods transported with Silk Road, encourages trade or immigration. In addition, signalling capabilities were built to protect the protective characteristics of the Great Wall through the Watch Tower, Troop Barrack, Garrison Station, Smoke, or Fire, and by the fact that the Great Wall Transport works as a corridor. . .

The Great Wall extends from Dandong to the west, with an arch, which extends from the southern shores of Inner Mongolia. A comprehensive archaeological survey using advanced techniques concludes that the Ming walls measure 8,850 km (5,500 miles). It is composed of 6,259 km (3,889 mi) of the actual wall, 359 km (223 mi) of the trenches and 2,232 km (1,387 miles) of natural defensive barriers like hills and rivers. Another archaeological survey found that with all its branches, the whole wall is 21,196 km (13,171 miles).

3.The Pink Ruins Of Petra

The pink ruins of Petra are originally known as the historical and archeological city of Southern Jordan, Nabatian. This city is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water drain system. Petra’s second name is Rose City, which is engraved due to the color of its stone.

It was possibly established in 312 BC as the capital of the Arab Nawabs, it is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most visited attraction. Nabatians were nomadic Arabs, who took advantage of regional trade routes to become a major trading center with the proximity of Petra, thus enabling them to raise funds. Nabatian is also known for his talent in desolate deserts and his talent in carving structures in solid rock. It is located in a basin between the mountains in Jebel Al-Madiba (known as Bible Mountain Horse), which creates corpses on the eastern coast of the Arabian Sea (Wadi Arabia). There is a big valley running. Akaba Petra is UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.

This site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was described as John William Bergeran’s Nudig Award-winning poem “Old Half of Time a Rose-Red City”. UNESCO described it as “one of the most precious cultural qualities of human cultural heritage”. Petra was named as one of the new 7 wonders of the world in 2007 and was chosen as one of “28 places before your death” by Smithsonian magazine.

4.The Statue Of Christ The Redeemer in Rio De Janeiro

Christ of the Redeemer, Portuguese Cristo Reddit, Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro, a magnificent statue of Jesus Christ on the summit of southeast Brazil, was completed in 1931 and is 98 feet (30 meters) long, its horizontally expanded weapon 92 feet (2) is the leg claw). In a mosaic of thousands triangular soapstone tiles, a statue made of reinforced concrete in a square of approximately 26 feet (8 meters), which is at the top of the mountain’s position, it is located on one day above E. This statue is one of the largest art deco-style sculptures in the world and one of the most recognizable places in Rio de Janeiro.

Permission was granted, and on April 4, 1922, to celebrate the centenary celebrations of Brazil’s independence from Portugal – the foundation was formally laid – although the final design of the monument was not yet selected. In the same year, a competition was organized to find a designer, and Brazilian engineer Hatter Da Silva Costa was selected on the cross in his right hand and on the basis of Christ’s figures in his left hand. In collaboration with Brazilian artist Carlos Oswald, Silva Costa later revised the plan; Oswald has been credited with the idea of ​​the permanent status of the data in which the weapon is spread. French sculptor Paul Landowski, who collaborated with Silva Costa on the final design, has been credited as the primary designer of data head and hand. Under the supervision of Silva Costa, construction work by a privately funded church was started in 1926 and continued for five years. During that time the materials and workers were transported through the railway to the summit.

5.Incas Ruins Of Machu Pichu

Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca stronghold located at an altitude of 2,430 meters (7,970 feet) above sea level. It is located on the holy valley of Urubamba in the Cusco region of Machu Picchu district of Peru, which is 80 km (50 miles) north-west of Cuzco and through which river Urumba flows.

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as a property for Emperor Pachaiti (1438-1472). It is often mistakenly known as “Lost City of Ink” (a title for Wilkemba has been implemented more accurately), it is the most familiar icon of the Inca civilization. Incaas built the property around 1450 but later left it after a century on the Spanish conquest. It was not known for Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it into international attention in 1911.

Machu Picchu was built in classical Inca style, in which there were dry walls of polished walls. Its three primary structures are Vati, Sun Temple and three windows. Most of the exterior buildings have been rebuilt to give a better view of how tourists are seen basically. Up to 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu was restored and restoration was in progress.

Machu Picchu was declared the historic Sanctuary of Peru in 1981 and the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was chosen as one of the new Internet intakes of the Internet worldwide.

6.The Ancient Mayan City Of Chichen Itza

El Castillo is also known as the temple of the Cuculan, which is the Mesoamerican step-pyramid which dominates the centre of the Chichen Itza archaeological site of the Mexican state Yucatan. Archaeologists have formally designated this building as Chichén Itza Structure 5B 18.

Built between the 9th and 12th centuries AD by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization, El Castillo gave birth to the constellation in the form of a temple of God, related to the Yucatec Maya-winged snake de Aztec and other Mexican civilizations related to the Quetzal. There is supposed to be from there. Postclassic period

The pyramid consists of a series of square terraces, which have stairs up to the temple from four sides. The statues of platonic snakes go below the northern force. During the equinox of spring and autumn, the sunrise of noon hits the north-west corner of the pyramid and gives birth to a series of triangular shadows towards the north-west of the pistil, under which the confusion of fusion with the pyramid was confused is. The construction event has been very popular, but it is suspicious whether it is the result of a purposeful design. Each of the four edges of the pyramid has 91 steps, which together produce a total of 365 steps (which is equivalent to the number of days of the year), along with the temple phase on the top as the final stage and the last ” Forum”. is.

The structure of the temple is 6 meters (20 feet) high with 24 meters (9 feet). The square base is 55.3 meters (181 feet).

7.The Colosseum Of Rome

Colosseum or Coliseum is an oval amphibian in the centre of Rome, Italy. It is the largest arena built by concrete and sand. Colosseum is located in the east of the Roman Forum. Construction began in 72 years under Emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus. Further amendments were made during the reign of Dominion (81-96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian Dynasty, and Amphitheater was named after the name of his family in Latin.

Colosseum can catch, it is estimated to be between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, an average audience of approximately 65,000; It was used for gladiatorial competition and public spectacles such as the Mock Marine Action (Hypogeum was full of mechanism to support other activities only for a little while), animal hunting, hanging, famous fighting and drama. Based on revival. Classical mythology In the early Middle Ages, the building was not used for entertainment. It was later reused for the purposes of housing, workshops and quarters for a religious system, a fort, a mine and Christian shrine.

Although partly due to the damage caused by earthquake and stone-robbers, it is ruined, the Colosseum is still a prestigious symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome’s most popular tourist attractions and is also associated with the Roman Catholic Church because every Good Friday is “Path of the Cross” torch that begins in the area around Pope Colosseum.

Colosseum is also featured in the Italian version of a five-cent euro coin.

The original Latin name of the Colosseum was amphitheatre Flavian, which was often called the Flavian amphitheatre. After Nero’s rule, this building was built by the emperors of the Flavian Dynasty. This name is still used in modern English, but the structure is commonly known as the Colosseum. In antiquity, the Romans may have referred to the Colosseum as an informal name, an amphitheatre chrome (an adjective related to Caesar’s title with the title of Caesar), but this name can be strictly dramatic because it is called Colosseum. goes. was not; The builders of Vespasian and Titus, Colosseum also made a maiden by this name in Portola.

It is believed that the Colosseum name has long been taken from a large statue of Nero (Nero’s statue named after the Rhodes of Coal). This statue was later reproduced by the descendants of Nero by placing an appropriate solar crown in the likeness of Sun God (soul) or Apollo, Sun God. Nero’s head was changed many times with the heads of successful emperors. Despite its pagan links, the statue stands well in the medieval era and was credited with magical powers. It was seen as a special symbol of Rome’s stability

In the 8th century, a famous Epigram was attributed to the respected Bede who had seen the symbolic significance of the statue in a prophecy, which has been cited in various ways: Quimica State Coliseum, Roma State; Cadetto Colony, Cadet in Rome; Cando Cadet Roma, Cadet At Mundus (“Until Colossus stands, when Colossus falls, Rome will fall; when Rome falls, the world collapses”). It is often considered incorrect in the context of Colosseus instead of Colossus (for example, Byron’s poem Child Herodes Pilgrimage). However, at that time the pseudo-bed had written that the idol was applied to masculine noun colleges, which was still known as the Flavian Amphitheater.

Colossus finally broke, possibly pulling down to reuse his bronze. The name “coloside” was coined in the context of amphitheatre until 1000. The idol was largely forgotten and only its base was left, which was situated between the Colosseum and nearby temples Venus and Roma.

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