Home Medicine Everything You Want To Know About Breast Cancer

Everything You Want To Know About Breast Cancer

Cancer occurs when there is a change in a gene that regulates the growth of the cell, which is called a mutation. Mutations divide cells and multiply in an uncontrolled, chaotic manner. Cells increase manifold, making copies that progressively become more abnormal. In most cases, cell copies eventually form a tumour.

Breast cancer is cancer that develops in the breast cells. Generally, cancerous lobules or breast ducts are formed. The lobules are the glands that produce milk, and the ducts are the pathways that bring the milk from the glands to the nipple. Cancer can also occur in fatty tissue or fibrous connective tissue within your breast.

Uncontrolled cancer cells often attack other healthy breast tissues and can travel to the lymph nodes under the arms. Lymph nodes are the primary route that helps the cancer cells to move to other parts of the body. See photos and learn more about the structure of the breast.

How Much Breast Cancer Is?

Breast Cancer Healthline is a free app for those who have diagnosed with breast cancer.

according to the statistics from the American Cancer Society (ACS), approximately 232,000 new cases of joint breast cancer were to be diagnosed in the United States in 2015. Invasive breast cancer is cancer that has spread from tubules or glands to other parts. breast. Due to the disease, more than 40,000 women were expected to die.

Breast cancer can also be diagnosed in men. ACS also estimates that in 2015, more than 2,000 men will be diagnosed and more than 400 men will die from the disease. Find out more about the number of breast cancer worldwide.

Types of breast cancer

There are several types of breast cancer, which are divided into two main categories: “invasive” (as explained above), and “uneven” or in situ. While invasive cancer has spread to other parts of the breast from the breast ducts or glands, non-cancerous cancer has not spread through the original tissue.

These two categories are used to describe the most common types of breast cancer, including:

Ductal carcinoma in situ. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-major condition. With DCIS, cells that change the ducts in your breasts and look cancerous. However, DCIS cells do not attack the surrounding breast tissues.

Lobular carcinoma in situ. Luculent Carcinoma Citu (LCIS) is cancer that grows in your breast milk’s glands. Like DCIS, cancer cells have not invaded nearby tissues so far.

Invasive ductal carcinoma. This type of breast cancer starts in your breast milk ducts and then attacks the surrounding tissue in the breast. Once breast cancer has spread to the tissue outside your milk ducts, it can start spreading in other organs and tissues nearby.

Aggressive lobular carcinoma. Aggressive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is first developed in the lobule of your breast. If breast cancer is diagnosed as ILC, then it has already spread to nearby tissues and organs.

Other, less common types of breast cancer include:

Nipple Paget Disease This type of breast cancer begins in the ducts of the breasts, but as it grows, it starts affecting the nipple’s skin and the hoop.

This is a very rare type of breast cancer, which increases the connective tissue of the breast.

Angiosperm is cancer that grows on the blood vessels or lymph vessels in the breast.

Your cancer type determines your treatment options, as well as your diagnosis (potentially long term consequences). Learn more about the types of breast cancer.

Cancer occurs when there is a change in a gene that regulates the growth of the cell, which is called a mutation. Mutations divide cells and multiply in an uncontrolled, chaotic manner. Cells increase manifold, making copies that progressively become more abnormal. In most cases, cell copies eventually form a tumour.

Breast cancer is cancer that develops in the breast cells. Generally, cancerous lobules or breast ducts are formed. The lobules are the glands that produce milk, and the ducts are the pathways that bring the milk from the glands to the nipple. Cancer can also occur in fatty tissue or fibrous connective tissue within your breast.

Uncontrolled cancer cells often attack other healthy breast tissues and can travel to the lymph nodes under the arms. Lymph nodes are the primary route that helps the cancer cells to move to other parts of the body. See photos and learn more about the structure of the breast.

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

There are several causes that increase the symptom of breast cancer. However, having none of these does not mean that you will definitely develop the disease.

Some risk factors can not be avoided, such as family history. Other risk factors like smoking can change. Risk factors for breast cancer include:

When you grow up, the risk of breast cancer increases. Most women with more aggressive breast cancer than 55 years of age are found.

I am drinking alcohol. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol increases your risk.

Due to having thick breast tissue, thick breast tissue makes it difficult to read the mammogram. It also increases the risk of breast cancer.

In women who have BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, they are more likely to have breast cancer than those women who do not. Other gene mutations can also affect your risk.

Initial menstruation. If your first period was before the age of 12, you would increase the risk of breast cancer.

Give birth to the age of women who do not have their first child till the age of 35, they increase the risk of breast cancer.

Hormone therapy, which is taking or taking postmenopausal estrogen and progesterone medicines to reduce the symptoms of menopause, is at greater risk of breast cancer.

Risk of risk. If a close relative has breast cancer, then you increase the risk of developing it. This includes your mother, grandmother, sister or daughter. Even if you do not have a family history of breast cancer, you can still develop breast cancer. In fact, most of the women who develop it do not have any family history of the disease.

Late menopause begins, women who do not start menopause until the age of 55, they are more likely to have breast cancer.

Women who have never been pregnant, who have never been pregnant or have never had complete pregnancy, they are more likely to get breast cancer.

Previous breast cancer. If you have breast cancer in a breast, you increase the risk of breast cancer in your second breast or in a different area affected earlier.

Symptoms of breast cancer

In its early stages, there can be no symptoms of breast cancer. In many cases, a tumour may be too small to feel, but an abnormality can still be seen on a mammogram. If a tumour can be felt, then the first sign is usually a new lump in the breast which was not previously. However, not all lumps are cancerous.

There can be many types of symptoms due to each type of breast cancer. Many of these symptoms are similar, but some may be different. Symptoms of the most common breast cancers include:

The thickness of the breast lump or tissue which feels different from surrounding tissue and has recently developed

breast pain

Red, skin colour on your entire breast

Swelling in all parts of your breast

Nipple discharge in addition to breast milk

Bloody discharge with your nipple

Peeling, scaling or blinking skin on your nipple or breast.

These two categories are used to describe the most common types of breast cancer, including:

Ductal carcinoma in situ. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-major condition. With DCIS, cells that change the ducts in your breasts and look cancerous. However, DCIS cells do not attack the surrounding breast tissues.

Lobular carcinoma in situ. Luculent Carcinoma (LCIS) is cancer that grows in your breast milk’s glands. Like DCIS, cancer cells have not invaded nearby tissues so far.

Invasive ductal carcinoma. This type of breast cancer starts in your breast milk ducts and then attacks the surrounding tissue in the breast. Once breast cancer has spread to the tissue outside your milk ducts, it can start spreading in other organs and tissues nearby.

Aggressive lobular carcinoma. Aggressive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is first developed in the lobule of your breast. If breast cancer is diagnosed as ILC, then it has already spread to nearby tissues and organs.

Other, less common types of breast cancer include:

Nipple Paget Disease This type of breast cancer begins in the ducts of the breasts, but as it grows, it starts affecting the nipple’s skin and the hoop.

This is a very rare type of breast cancer, which increases the connective tissue of the breast.

Angiosperm is cancer that grows on the blood vessels or lymph vessels in the breast.

Your cancer type determines your treatment options, as well as your diagnosis (potentially long term consequences). Learn more about the types of breast cancer.

Diagnosis of breast cancer

To determine whether your symptoms are due to breast cancer or benign breast conditions, your doctor will perform a complete physical examination in addition to breast testing. They can request one or more clinical trials to understand your symptoms.

Tests that help diagnose breast cancer include:

The best way to see your mammogram under the surface of your breast is an imaging test called a mammogram. Many women have an annual mammogram to investigate breast cancer. If your doctor suspects that you may have a tumour or a suspicious place, they will also request a mammogram. If an abnormal field appears on your mammogram, your doctor may request additional testing.

Ultrasound A breast ultrasound creates a picture of deep tissue in your breast. To do this, ultrasound uses sound waves. An ultrasound can help your doctor differentiate between a solid mass such as a tumour and a soft cyst.

Your doctor may also suggest tests like an MRI or breast biopsy.

Breast biopsy

If your doctor is suspected of breast cancer, they can order both mammograms and ultrasound. If these two tests will tell your doctor if you have cancer then your doctor can do a test called breast biopsy.

During this test, your doctor will remove a tissue sample from the suspected area being tested. There are many types of breast biopsy. With some of these tests, your doctor uses a needle to take a sample of tissue. Along with others, they make an incision in your breast and then remove the sample.

If the sample performs a positive test for cancer, then the laboratory can do further testing to tell your doctor what type of cancer you are. Learn more about breast biopsy, how to prepare, and what to expect.

Breast cancer phases

Breast cancer can be divided into steps depending on how serious the cases are. Cancer which has grown and is attacking nearby tissues and organs, they are at higher levels than cancer, which are still made in the breast. For the breast cancer stage, doctors should know:

If the cancer is aggressive or inanimate

How big is a tumour?

Whether lymph nodes are involved

There are five main stages of breast cancer: Phase 0-5.

Stage 0 breast cancer

Stage 0 is DCIS. Cancer cells in DCIS are limited to the ducts in the breast and do not spread in nearby tissue.

Stage 1 breast cancer

Stage 1 There are two types of breast cancer:

Stage 1A: a Primary tumour is 2 centimetres wide or less and lymph nodes are not affected.

Stage 1b: Cancer is found in nearby lymph and nodes, and either there is no tumour in the breast, or a tumour is smaller than 2 centimetres.

Stage 2 breast cancer

Stage 2 breast cancer is also divided into two categories:

Stage 2A: A tumour is smaller than 2 centimetres and has spread from 1 to 3 in the nearby lymph nodes, or it is between 2 to 5 centimetres and it is not spread in any lymph nodes.

Stage 2b: A tumour is between 2 to 5 centimetres and it has spread to 1-3 assistant lymph nodes, or it is larger than 5 centimetres and is not spread in any lymph nodes.

Stage 3 breast cancer

Stage 3 There are three main types of breast cancer.

Stage 3a: There are several types of cancers in this phase:

Cancer 4-9 acetyl lymph nodes have been spread or internal breast lymph nodes have increased, and the primary tumor can be of any size.

Tumours are larger than 5 centimetres and small groups of cancer cells are found in lymph nodes.

A tumour is more than 5 centimetres and the cancer is spread from 1 to 3 axillary lymph nodes or any breast nodes.

Stage 3b: A tumor has attacked the chest wall or skin, and 9 lymph nodes can be invaded.

Stage 3C: Cancer 10 or more axial lymph nodes are found in the collarbone or internal breast nodes near the lymph nodes.

Stage 4 breast cancer

Stage 4 Breast cancer can have a tumor of any size, and its cancer cells spread to nearby and distant lymph nodes, as well as distant parts.

The test done by your doctor will determine the stage of your breast cancer, which will affect your treatment. Learn how to treat various breast cancer stages.

Metastatic breast cancer

Metastatic breast cancer stage 4 is the second name for breast cancer. It is breast cancer that has spread to other parts of your body, such as your bones, lungs or liver.

Your oncologist will create a treatment plan with the goal of preventing the growth and spread of tumor or tumor. With the options for treatment of metastatic cancer, learn about the factors that affect your vision.

Treatment of breast cancer

To determine if your breast cancer has been attacked at the level (if it is), and how big the tumor is, then you need to play a large part of what type of treatment you will need.

To get you started, your doctor will determine the size, phase and grade of your cancer (how it is likely to grow and break). After that, both of you can discuss your treatment options. Surgery for breast cancer is the most common treatment. In addition to surgery, most women have supplemental treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation, or hormone therapy.

Healing Medicine

Several types of surgery can be used to remove breast cancer, including:

Lumpectomy This process only removes suspected or cancerous premises, which removes most nearby tissues.

breast. In this process, a surgeon removes a whole breast. In a double mastectomy, both breasts are removed.

Sentinel node biopsy This surgery removes some lymph nodes that receive drainage from the tumor. These lymph nodes will be tested. If they do not have cancer, you may not need extra lymph-removal surgery.

Axial lymph node dissection. If lymph nodes are removed during a Sentinel node biopsy test positive, then your doctor can do this procedure to remove extra lymph nodes.

Contraceptive prophylactic mastectomy Even if breast cancer is present in only one breast, but some women choose a contradictory prophylactic mastectomy. This surgery reduces the risk of developing breast cancer again by removing your healthy breast.

Radiation therapy

With radiation therapy, the high-powered ray of radiation is used to target and kill cancer cells. Most radiation treatments use external beam radiation. This technique uses a large machine outside the body.

Progress in the treatment of cancer has enabled doctors to remove cancer from within the body. Such radiation treatment is called brachytherapy. To make brachytherapy, the surgeons keep radioactive seeds or pellets inside the body near the tumour site. Seeds live there for a short time and work to reduce cancer cells.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is used to destroy cancer cells. Some people may undergo chemotherapy themselves, but such treatment is often used with other treatments, especially surgery.

In some cases, doctors prefer to give chemotherapy to patients before surgery. The hope is that the treatment will shrink the tumor, and then the surgery will not need to be aggressive.

Hormone therapy

If your breast is sensitive to cancer hormones, your doctor may start hormonal therapy. Estrogen and progesterone, two female hormones, can stimulate the growth of tumours of breast cancer. Hormone therapy works by blocking the production of these hormones in your body. This action can help slow down and possibly prevent the development of your cancer.

Medicine

Some drugs have been designed to attack specific abnormalities or mutations within the cancerous cells. For example, herpesptin (trastuzumab) can block the production of your body’s HER2 protein. HER2 helps in growing breast cancer cells, so taking medication to slow down the production of this protein can help to slow down the development of cancer.

Your doctor will tell you about any specific treatment they recommend for you. Learn more about the treatment of breast cancer, as well as how hormones affect the development of cancer.

Breast Cancer Prevention

There is no recognizable cause of breast cancer. For this reason, it can not be completely stopped. However, following a healthy lifestyle, taking regular checks and preventive measures, your doctor’s recommendation can help reduce your risk.

Lifestyle factors

Lifestyle factors can affect your breast cancer risk. For example, women who are obese have a higher risk of breast cancer. Maintaining a healthy diet and exercising more can help you lose weight and reduce the risk.

Drinking too many increases the risk of your drinking. It is true of two or more drinks and binge drinks per day. However, a recent study found that even a drink per day increases the risk of breast cancer.

Breast cancer screening

Breast cancer cannot be prevented from regular mammograms, but it can help reduce the obstacles that are undetermined. The American Cancer Society provides the following general recommendations for the mammogram:

Women’s age 40 to 44: An annual mammogram is optional.

Women ages 45 to 54: An annual mammogram is recommended.

Women aged 55 and above: Each mammogram is recommended every 1 or 2 years, as long as you are in good health and expect to live 10 years or more.

These are only guidelines. Specific recommendations for a mammogram are different for each woman, so if you have a regular mammogram, talk to your doctor.

Pre-emptive treatment

Some women increase the risk of breast cancer due to hereditary factors. For example, if your mother or father has harmful BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation, then you have more risk of receiving it. This increases your risk of breast cancer significantly.

If you are at risk for this mutation, talk to your doctor about your diagnostic and treatment options. You can test to know if you have a definite mutation. And if you know that you have this, then discuss any pre-determined steps with your doctor who can reduce the risk of breast cancer. These steps may include a prophylactic mastectomy (surgical removal of a breast).

Breast exam

Apart from a mammogram, breast examination is another way of seeing signs of breast cancer.

Self-exam

Many women self-test, it is best to do this exam once a month, at the same time every month. The exam can help you to know how your breasts normally look and feel so that you can know about any changes.

However, keep in mind that ACS treats these exams as optional because in current research, clear benefits of physical examination are not shown, whether it is at home or by the doctor.

Breast examination by your doctor

The same is true for breast examination performed by your doctor or other health care provider. They did not hurt you, and your doctor could do breast exams during your annual visit.

If you have symptoms that concern you, then it is a good idea that your doctor can do breast exams. During the exam, your doctor will check your breasts for abnormal breasts or breast cancer signals. Your doctor can also look at other parts of your body whether you have symptoms related to any other condition or not. Learn more about what your doctor can see during breast examination.

Male breast cancer

Although they are generally less than that, breast tissue in men is what women do. So, men may also have breast cancer. However, this is very rare. According to the ACS, breast cancer is 100 times less in men than women.

She said men who have breast cancer are serious like breast cancer women. Its symptoms are similar. See more about breast cancer in men.

Breast cancer survival rate

The survival rate of breast cancer varies widely depending on many factors. The two most important factors you have are the type of cancer, and when you get the diagnosis, the cancer phase. Other factors that play a role include your age, gender, and caste.

The good news is that the survival rate of breast cancer is improving. According to ACS, the survival rate for breast cancer in women was 75.2 percent in 1975. But in 2008, it was 90.6 percent. Find out more about survival statistics and factors affecting them.

Breast cancer pictures

Breast cancer can be a series of symptoms, and these symptoms can appear differently among different people.

If you are worried about any spots or changes of your breast, it can be useful to know what really is the problems of the breast that look like cancer. Learn more about the symptoms of breast cancer, and see what they can see.

Breast cancer Awareness

Fortunately today for women and men throughout the world, people are increasingly aware of issues related to breast cancer. Breast cancer awareness efforts have helped people to know what their risk factors are, how they can reduce their risk level, what symptoms they should see and how they should be examined.

Breast cancer awareness is held every October, but many people spread the word throughout the year. For the first person with passion and humorous women living with this disease, see these breast cancer blogs.

Breast cancer care

If you detect unusual lumps or spots in your breast or have any other symptoms of breast cancer, then make an appointment to meet your doctor. Chances are good that this is not breast cancer. For example, there are many other possible causes of a breast lump.

But if your problem comes in the form of cancer, then keep in mind that early treatment is important. In the early stages, breast cancer can often be treated and if it is found quickly enough, then it can be cured. For a long time, breast cancer is allowed to grow, as much as the treatment is difficult.

If you have already had breast cancer, keep in mind that the cancer treatment is getting better as a result. So follow your treatment plan and try to become positive.

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